Songs of a Radical Bhakta
This article discusses and provides examples of the
revolutionary poetry of Tukaram ("Tuka"),
the seventeenth-century writer who represented the culmination
of three centuries of a radical bhakti (devotional)
movement that aimed to bring together women and men
of low caste to proclaim their equality and reject Brahmanic
ritualism and caste hierarchy. The backdrop to this
discussion of Tuka's songs is the recent reassessment
of the fifteenth to seventeenth centuries in India —
an era of Muslim rule and linkages to the modern world
through Islam — as an "early modern"
period of time.
Download complete article from Taylor & Francis Online