Growing Rice After the Bomb
Where is Balinese Agriculture Going?
Agriculture, once the mainstay of Balinese economy and culture, has
been marginalized during the era of tourism-driven development. The
decline in tourism since the bombing in Kuta in 2002 has revealed the
vulnerability of an economy narrowly based on tourism and has led to
rethinkings of future economic development in which agriculture plays a
more important role. These rethinkings take two main forms. One is a
top-down model of export-oriented production of cash crops and
economies of scale — an international model of agro-industry/business.
The other consists of a diversity of small-scale local initiatives for
sustainable and/or organic production for local markets. This article
examines these alternative visions in terms first of their links to
international political economic movements and second of their
conceptual and moral bases. It argues that this period is, like the
Green Revolution, a critical turning point that will determine the
future of the economy and culture of Bali.
Download complete article from Taylor & Francis Online