Style Guide

CAS uses footnotes, not in-text citations or endnotes.

Footnotes should be formatted as: Author year, page numbers. EXAMPLE: Smith 2012, 32–39. Place the citation in a footnote, not in the body of the article. If no page number is cited, cite as: Smith 2012.

Please include a reference list at the end of your manuscript formatted in the following way:


 Gomez, Edmund Terence, and Jomo Kenton.  1997.  Malaysia’s Political Economy: Politics, Patronage and Profits.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 Martinez-Alier, Juan. 2003. The Environmentalism of the Poor: A Study of Ecological Conflicts and Valuation. Oxford, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.


Brun, Diego Abente and Larry Diamond, (eds.) 2014. Clientelism, Social Policy, and the Quality of Democracy.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.


Aeria, Andrew. 2005.  “Sarawak: State Elections and Political Patronage.” In Elections and Democracy in Malaysia, edited by James Smith and R.K. Narayan, 118-152. Sanur: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Press.

Khoo, Kay Jin.  2012.  “Poverty and Inequality.” In Policy Regimes and the Political Economy of Poverty Reduction in Malaysia, edited by Khoo Khoo Boo Teik, 63-106. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.


Aspinall, Edward.  2014.  “When Brokers Betray: Clientelism, Social Networks, and Electoral Politics in Indonesia.” Critical Asian Studies 46 (4): 545-70.


Council for Ainu Policy Promotion. 2011. “Survey on Socioeconomic Conditions of Ainu outside Hokkaido.” Working Group Report. June. Accessed December 7, 2011:

Jaffrelot, Christophe. 2013. “A Class of His Own.” Indian Express, April 17, 2013. Accessed April 24, 2013:

Sun, Shiyan. 2007. “The Understanding and Interpretation of the ICCPR in the Context of China’s Possible Reunification.” Chinese Journal of International Law 6 (1): 17.42. Accessed January 2, 2016:


·         All chapters of edited volumes should be individually listed with the complete details of the edited volume.

·         We do not use “ibid” in the reference list – if more than one source from an individual author or authors, list each with the authors’ full names.

·         Please use Times New Roman 12 font and MS Word for all submissions.

·         We publish in American English. Please set your language to English [U.S.] before running Spell Check and Grammar Check in Word.

·         Please remove tables, photos, and other graphic images from your text and upload each of these separately. Captions and credit information should be left in the manuscript with instructions regarding where each photo should ideally be placed.

Additional Notes

Use footnotes, not endnotes: Source only: Smith 2012. Source with page reference: Smith 212, 84

Use American spellings

Use American punctuation: Punctuation marks should be placed within quotation marks. EXAMPLE: In the words of Harry Smith, “The world was never meant to be peaceful.”

Avoid scare quotes: These are far too overused, and seldom communicate anything: EXAMPLE — PLEASE AVOID: For some commentators, ‘modernity’ and ‘development’ are hegemonic claims that undermine calls for ‘indigeneity.’ For why we stress this, please see:

Single vs. double quotation marks: CAS uses double quotation marks to signify quoted speech and single quotation marks to signify a quote with a quote.

EXAMPLE: Jane explained, “In a conversation with one of my informants, she told me, ‘development has not done a thing for us.’” For more examples on this, please see:

Numbers or Figures? Numbers: spell out one to ninety-nine, then use figures: 100, 1,000, 10,000. Please list full page numbers when citing, for example: 431–453 with a one-en dash (not a hyphen).

Percent or %? Always spell out percent.

Dates: Follow American style. CORRECT: January 21, 2015. INCORRECT: 21 January 2015.

Internet references: Always include access information, following this format: accessed month day, year, URL.

In-text quotations: Quotations of forty or more words should be indented using Word’s indent tool.

Ellipse: No space before or after when the ellipsis replaces missing text in the middle of a sentence. (Thus, The ellipsis in this sentence...has no spaces before or after.) If the ellipsis appears at the end of a sentence, use a period/full stop followed by the ellipsis and a space. (Thus, because the ellipsis appears at the end of this sentence.... The next sentence follows a space.)

Ampersand (&): Do not use with author names (Smith & Brown); only use in organization names if this is the organization’s preference.

Author Names in the Reference Section: Repeat author names in Reference entries; don’t use ———— (3 one-em dashes).

Non-English Words: Italicized in every instance except for (1) proper names (e.g., organizations such as Areal Penggunaan Lain in Indonesia) and (2) words that appear in Romanized form in Webster’s dictionary (e.g., persona non grata, ringgit, schadenfreude). Italicize other foreign words (e.g., xiandai, fazhan, mahasiswa, pertanian).